Primary Emergency Decisions

A Primary Emergency Decision is a specific type of Emergency financing Decision, based on Article 13 of the Regulation.
In accordance with the empowerment rules, this type of financing Decisions can be taken by the Director-General within seventy-two hours from the outbreak of the humanitarian crisis. The aim is to intervene immediately, byaddressing the immediate needs of the people affected by the crisis.

The Actions financed under a Primary Emergency Decision

  • must start within five days from the outbreak of the crisis,
  • their amount is limited to a maximum of EUR 3,000,000
  • the duration should be limited to three months
  • it is not possible to extend the duration of the Actions.


Only FPA Partners, FAFA International Organisations and UN agencies can be included in the list of potential Partners.

Only one Primary Emergency financing Decision may be adopted for a specific crisis. Any other complementary financing Decision covering the same crisis must take the form of an Emergency Decision.

When a crisis strikes, all the organisations working in that area are invited to pro-actively contact DG ECHO to share their analysis of the situation and capacities to respond. DG ECHO may also contact Partners present in the country or the region affected with a view to prepare DG ECHO response.
In some cases, the proposals will serve as background to draft the financing decision.

Once they have been issued they are published on the DG ECHO website


References & useful links